JALAL AL-DIN RUMI (1207-1273 C.E.)

Jalal al-Din Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Husain al-Rumi was born in 604 A.H. (1207/8 C.E.) at Balkh (now Afghanistan). His dad Baha al-Din was a renowned devout scholar. Under his patronage, Rumi obtained his early education from Syed Burhan-al-Din. When his age was about 18 years, the family (after some migrations) finally resolved at Konya and at the age of 25, Rumi was dispatched to Aleppo for advanced education and subsequent to Damascus. Rumi proceeded with his education till he was 40 years vintage, whereas on his father’s death Rumi succeeded him as a professor in the famous Madrasah at Konya at the age of about 24 years. He obtained his mystical teaching first at the hands of Syed Burhan al-Din and later he was taught by Shams al-Din Tabriz. He became famous for his mystical insight, his devout information and as a Persian bard. He used to teach a large number of students at his Madrasah and furthermore founded the famous Maulvi Order in Tasawwuf. He died in 672 A.H. (1273 C.E.) at Konya, which subsequently became a sacred location for promenading derveshes of the Maulvi alignment.

His foremost assistance lies in Islamic beliefs and Tasawwuf. This was embodied mostly in verse, particularly through his well known Mathnawi. This publication, the largest mystical exposition in verse, talks about and offers answers to numerous perplexing problems in metaphysics, religion, ethics, mysticism, etc. basically, the Mathnawi highlights the various concealed facets of Sufism and their connection with the worldly life. For this, Rumi sketches on a kind of subjects and derives numerous demonstrations from every- day life. His major subject is the connection between man and God on the one hand, and between man and man, on the other. He apparently believed in Pantheism and depicted the various stages
of man’s evolution in his journey towards the supreme.

Apart from the Mathnaui, he also composed his Diwan (collection of poems) and Fihi-Ma-Fih (a collection of mystical sayings). How- ever, it is the Mathnawi itself that has mostly conveyed Rumi’s note. shortly after its completion, other scholars begun composing detailed commentaries on it, in order to understand its wealthy propositions on Tasawwuf, Metaphysics and Ethics. some commentaries in distinct languages have been in writing since then.

His influence on beliefs, publications, mysticism and culture, has been so deep throughout centered Asia and most Islamic nations that almost all devout scholars, mystics, philosophers, sociologists and other ones have referred to his verses throughout all these centuries since his death. Most difficult difficulties in these localities appear to get simplified in the lightweightweightweight of his quotations. His message seems to have motivated most of the thinkers in Central Asia and adjacent to areas since his time, and scholars like Iqbal have further developed Rumi’s notions. The Mathnawi became known as the interpretation of the Qur’an in the Pahlavi dialect. He is one of the couple of intellectuals and mystics whose outlooks have so profoundly influenced the world-view in its higher viewpoint in large components of the Islamic World.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam