IBN SINA (980-1037 C.E.)

Abu Ali al-Hussain Ibn Abdallah Ibn Sina was born in 980 C.E. at Afshana beside Bukhara. The juvenile Bu Ali received his early education in Bukhara, and by the age of ten had become well versed in the study of the Qur’an and diverse sciences. He begun revising beliefs by reading various Greek, Muslim and other publications on this subject and learnt reasoning and some other subjects from Abu Abdallah Natili, a famous philosopher of the time. While still young, he attained such a degree of know-how in surgery that his renown disperse far and broad. At the age of 17, he was fortunate in curing Nooh Ibn Mansoor, the monarch of Bukhhara, of an sickness in which all the well-known physicians had granted up wish. On his recovery, the monarch desired to pay him, but the juvenile doctor only yearned consent to use his uniquely supplied library.

On his father’s death, Bu Ali left Bukhara and traveled to Jurjan where Khawarizm Shah met him. There, he met his famous contemporary Abu Raihan al-Biruni. subsequent he moved to Ray and then to Hamadan, where he composed his famous publication Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb. Here he treated Shams al-Daulah, the monarch of Hamadan, for severe colic. From Hamadan, he moved to Isphahan, where he accomplished numerous of his monumental writings. regardless, he continued traveling and the excessive mental exertion as well as political turmoil spoilt his wellbeing. eventually, he returned to Hamadan where he past away in 1037 C.E.

He was the most well known physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, mathematician and astronomer of his time. His major assistance to health research was his well known book al-Qanun, known as the “Canon” in the West. The Qanun fi al-Tibb is an immense encyclopedia of medicine expanding over a million words. It reviewed the whole health knowledge available from ancient and Muslim causes. Due to its systematic approach, “formal perfection as well as its intrinsic worth, the Qanun superseded Razi’s Hawi, Ali Ibn Abbas’s Maliki, and even the works of Galen, and stayed supreme for six centuries”. In supplement to conveying together the then available knowledge, the publication is rich with the author’s initial assistance. His significant initial contribution includes such advances as acknowledgement of the contagious environment of phthisis and tuberculosis; circulation of infections by water and dirt, and interaction between psychology and health. In supplement to describing pharmacological procedures, the book recounted 760 drugs and became the most authentic materia medica of the era. He was also the first to recount meningitis and made rich assistance to anatomy, gynecology and progeny health.

His philosophical encyclopedia Kitab al-Shifa was a monumental work, embodying a huge area of knowledge from philosophy to research. He classified the whole area as follows: theoretical information: physics, numbers and metaphysics; and practical information: ethics, economics and government. His beliefs synthesizes Aristotelian custom, Neoplatonic leverages and Muslim theology.

Ibn Sina also assisted to numbers, physics, music and other areas. He explained the “casting out of nines” and its submission to the verification of squares and cubes. He made several astronomical observations, and developed a contrivance alike to the vernier, to boost the precision of instrumental measurements. In physics, his assistance comprised the study of distinct forms of energy, heat, lightweight and mechanical, and such notions as force, vacuum and infinity. He made the important fact that if the insight of lightweight is due to the emission of some sort of particles by the glowing source, the speed of lightweightweight must be finite. He propounded an interconnection between time and shift, and also made enquiries on exact gravity and utilised an air thermo- meter.

In the area of music, his contribution was an improvement over Farabi’s work and was far ahead of information current else- where on the subject. Doubling with the fourth and fifth was a large’ step in the direction of the harmonic system and increasing two-fold with the third seems to have furthermore been permitted. Ibn Sina discerned that in the sequence of consonances comprised by (n + 1)/n, the ear is unable to differentiate them when n = 45. In the area of chemistry, he did not accept as true in the likelihood of chemical transmutation because, in his attitude, the metals differed in a basic sense. These outlooks were radically opposed to those current at the time. His treatise on minerals was one of the major” sources of geology of the Christian encyclopaedists of the thirteenth century. in addition to Shifa his well-known treatises in beliefs are al-Najat and Isharat..

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam