IBN KHALDUN (1332–1395. C.E. )

Abd al-Rahman Ibn Mohammad is generally known as Ibn Khaldun after a isolated ancestor. His parents, initially Yemenite Arabs, had resolved in Spain, but after the drop of Seville, had migrated to Tunisia. He was born in Tunisia in 1332 C.E., where he obtained his early education and where, still in his teens, he went into the service of the Egyptian leader Sultan Barquq. His desire for sophisticated know- ledge and a better academic setting shortly made him depart this service and migrate to Fez. This was followed by a long time span of unrest assessed by up to date political rivalries influencing his career. This turbulent period furthermore encompassed a three year refuge in a little town Qalat Ibn Salama in Algeria, which supplied him with the opening to write Muqaddimah, the first capacity of his world annals that won him an immortal location amidst historians, sociologists and philosophers. The doubt of his vocation still proceeded, with Egypt evolving his final abode where he spent his last 24 years. Here he dwelled a life of good reputation and esteem, assessed by his designation as the head Malakite Judge and addressing at the Al-Azhar University, but envy caused his exclusion from his high judicial office as numerous as five times.

Ibn Khaldun’s head assistance lies in philosophy of annals and sociology. He sought to compose a world annals preambled by a first capacity directed at an investigation of chronicled events. This capacity, commonly renowned as Muqaddimah or ‘Prolegomena’, was founded on Ibn Khaldun’s exclusive approach and initial assistance and became a masterpiece in publications on philosophy of annals and sociology. The head concern of this monumental work was to recognise psychological, financial, environmental and social facts that assist to the advancement of human civilization and the currents of history. In this context, he analyzed the dynamics of assembly connections and showed how assembly-feelings, al-‘Asabiyya, give rise to the ascent of a new civilization and political power and how, later on, its diffusion into a more general civilization asks for the advent of a still new ‘Asabiyya in its unspoiled pattern. He recognised an almost musical repetition of increase and drop in human civilization, and investigated components contributing to it. His assistance to annals is marked by the detail that, unlike most previous writers understanding annals mostly in a political context, he emphasized environmental, sociological, psychological and economic components ruling the clear-cut events. This revolutionized the research of history and furthermore laid the base of Umraniyat (Sociology).

Apart from the Muqaddimah that became an significant unaligned publication even during the lifetime of the author, the other volumes of his world annals Kitab al-I’bar deal with the annals of Arabs, up to date Muslim rulers, up to date European rulers, very old history of Arabs, Jews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, etc., Islamic annals, Egyptian annals and North-African annals, particularly that of Berbers and tribes dwelling in the adjoining localities. The last capacity agreements mostly with the events of his own life and is known as Al-Tasrif. This was furthermore written in a technical kind and initiated a new analytical custom in the art of composing autobiography. A book on numbers in writing by him is not extant.

Ibn Khaldun’s influence on the subject of history, beliefs of history, sociology, political research and education has stayed paramount ever since his life. His books have been converted into numerous languages, both in the East and the West, and have inspired subsequent development of these sciences. For example, Prof. Gum Ploughs and Kolosio consider Muqaddimah as better in scholarship to Machiavelli’s The Prince written a years subsequent, as the previous bases the diagnosis more on heritage, sociological, financial and psychological factors.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam