ALI IBN RABBAN AL-TABARI (838-870 C.E.)

This carried out Hakim was the tutor of the unparalleled physician Zakariya al-Razi. Luck highly rated the disciple more than the teacher in terms of celebrity. As contrasted to Razi persons know very little about his teacher Ali.

Ali Bin Rabban’s last name was Abu al-Hasan, the full title being Abu al-Hasan Ali Bin Sahl Rabban al-Tabari. Born in 838 C.E. his father Sahl hailed from a respectable Jew family. The nobility and sympathy inherent in his very nature soon endeared him to his countrymen so much so that they used to call him Rabban which suggests “my leader”.

Professionally Sahl was an exceedingly successful doctor. He had command over the art of calligraphy too. in addition to he had a deep insight into the disciplines of Astronomy, Philosophy, Mathematics and publications. Some complicated items of Batlemus’s book al-Mijasti came to be resolved by way of Sahl’s scholarly expertise, translators preceding him had failed to solve the secret.

Ali received his learning in the disciplines of health science and calligraphy from his able dad Sahl and attained perfection in these areas. He had furthermore mastered Syriac and Greek languages to a high degree of skill.

Ali hailed from a Israelite family. Since he had adopted Islam, he is classified amongst Muslim Scholars. This family belonged to Tabristan’s well known city Marv.

The good reputation acquired by Ali receptacle Rabban did not simply account for the reason that a doctor of the stature of Zakariya al-Razi was amidst his disciple. In detail the major cause behind his exaltation lies in his world-renowned treatise Firdous al-Hikmat.

Spread over seven parts, Firdous al-Hikmat is the first ever health encyclopedia which incorporates all the parts of medical research in its folds. This work has been released in this century (20th years) only. Prior to this publication only five of his manuscripts were to be discovered dispersed in libraries the world over. Dr. Mohammed Zubair Siddiqui contrasted and edited the manuscripts. In his preface he has supplied extremely useful informa- tion considering the publication and the scribe and, wherever sensed essential, explanatory notes have been in writing to facilitate publication of this work on modern publishing measures.

Later on this unique work was released with the cooperation of English and German organisations. Following are the minutia of its all seven parts:

1. Part one: Kulliyat-e-Tibb. This part hurls lightweight on contemporary ideology of health research. In that era these values formed the cornerstone of medical research.
2. Part two: Elucidation of the body parts of the human body, directions for holding good health and comprehensive account of certain muscular infections.
3. Part three: Description of diet to be taken in conditions of wellbeing and infection.
4. Part four: All infections right from head to toe. This part is of profound significance in the entire book and comprises twelve papers:

i) General determinants relating to eruption of diseases. ii) Diseases of the head and the brain. iii) infections pertaining to the eye, nose, ear, mouth and the teeth. iv) Muscular diseases (paralysis and spasm). v) Diseases of the districts of the barrel, throat and the lungs. vi) infections of the abdomen. vii) infections of the liver. viii) Diseases of gallbladder and spleen. ix) Intestinal infections. x) Different types of high temperature. xi) Miscellaneous diseases–Brief explanation of organs of the body. xii) written test of pulse and urine. This part is the biggest in the publication and is nearly half the dimensions of the entire publication.

5. Part five: recount of taste, taste and color.
6. Part six: pharmaceuticals and poison.
7. Part seven: agreements with varied topics. talks about weather and astronomy. Also contains a short mention of Indian surgery.

Though he composed Firdous al-Hikmat in Arabic but he simultaneously converted it into Syriac. He has two more compilations to his borrowing namely Deen-o-Doulat and Hifdh al-Sehhat. The last mentioned is available in manuscript-form in the library of Oxford University. Besides health research, he was also a master of beliefs, numbers and Astronomy. He breathed his last round 870 C.E.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam