ABUL HASAN ALI AL-MASU’DI (DIED 957 C.E.)

Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Husain Ibn Ali Al-Masu’di was a relative of Abdallah Ibn Masu’d, a friendly of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). A master geographer, a physicist and student of history, Masu’di was conceived in the final decade of the 9th century A.d., his accurate date of life commencement being unfamiliar. He was a Mutazilite Arab, who investigated inaccessible grounds and passed on at Cairo, in 957 C.e.

He made a trip to Fars in 915 C.e. furthermore, in the wake of staying for one year in Istikhar, he moved ahead through Baghdad to India, where he went to Multan and Mansoora before coming back to Fars. From that point he set out to Kirman and afterward again to India. Mansoora in those days was a city of incredible fame and was the capital of the Muslim state of Sind. Around it, there were numerous settlements/townships of new changes over to Islam. In 918 C.e., Masu’di went to Gujrat, where more than 10,000 Arab Muslims had settled in the ocean port of Chamoor. He additionally set out to Deccan, Ceylon, Indo-China and China, and moved ahead by means of Madagascar, Zanjibar and Oman to Basra.

At Basra he finished his book Muruj-al-Thahab, in which he has depicted in a generally engrossing way his encounter of different nations, individuals and atmospheres. He gives records of his individual contacts with the Jews, Iranians, Indians and Christians. From Basra he moved to Syria and from that point to Cairo, where he composed his second noteworthy book Muruj al-Zaman in thirty volumes. In this book he has depicted in item the topography and history of the nations that he had gone to. His first book was finished in 947 C.e. He additionally ready a supplement, called Kitab al-Ausat, in which he has gathered academic occasions sequentially. In 957 C.e., the year of his expiration, he finished his final book Kitab al-Tanbih wa al-Ishraf, in which he has given an abstract of his prior book and in addition an errata.

Masu’di is implied as the Herodotus and Pliny of the Arabs. By exhibiting a discriminating record of academic occasions, he started a change in the craft of academic composition, presenting the components of examination, reflection and reaction, which was later on further enhanced by Ibn Khaldun. Specifically, in al-Tanbeeh he makes an efficient investigation of history against a view of geology, humanism, humanities and biology. Masu’di had a profound understanding into the explanations for ascent and fall of countries.

With his exploratory and scientific methodology he has given a record of the explanations for the quake of 955 C.e., and additionally the talks of the water of the Red Sea and different issues in the earth sciences. He is the first creator to make specify of windmills, which were developed by the Muslims of Sijistan.

Masu’di additionally made vital commitments to music and different fields of science. In his book Muruj al-Thahab he furnishes vital informative content on promptly Arab music and in addition music of different nations.

His book Muruj al-Thahab wa al-Ma’adin al-Jawahir (Meadows of Gold and Mines of Precious Stones) has been held as “noteworthy” in view of the ‘catholicity of its writer, who dismissed no wellspring of qualified information and of his without a doubt logical curiosity’. As said above, it was emulated by his treatise Muruj al-Zaman. Notwithstanding composition a supplement Kitab al-Ausat, he finished Kitab al-Tanbih wa al-Ishraf towards the finish of his vocation. It is, on the other hand, deplorable that, out of his 34 books as said without anyone else’s input in Al-Tanbih, just three have made due, notwithstanding Al-Tanbih itself.

A few questions have been communicated about a few cases identified with his broad voyaging e.g., up to China and Madagascar, yet the right scenario can’t be surveyed because of the misfortune of his some books. Whatever he has recorded was with a deductive methodology and constituted an imperative commitment to topography, history and earth sciences. It is intriguing to note that he was one of the early researchers who propounded some parts of development viz., from minerals to plant, plant to creature and creature to man. His examines and sees widely impacted the sciences of historiography, geology and earth sciences for some nations.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam