ABU AL-QASIM AL-ZAHRAWI (936-1013 C.E.)

Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi (known in the west as Abulcasis) was born in 936 C.E. in Zahra in the district of Cordova. He became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era and was doctor to monarch Al-Hakam-II of Spain. After a long health vocation, rich with significant original contribution, he past away in 1013 C.E.

He is best known for his early and initial innovations in surgery as well as for his famous health Encyclopedia called Al-Tasrif, which is composed of thirty volumes covering distinct facets of health research. The more significant part of this sequence comprises three publications on surgery, which recount in minutia diverse aspects of surgical treatment as founded on the procedures presented by him, encompassing cauterization, exclusion of pebble from the bladder, dissection of animals, midwifery, styptics, and surgery of eye, ear and throat. He perfected several dainty procedures, encompassing exclusion of the dead fetus and amputation.

Al-Tasrif was first converted by Gherard of Cremona into Latin in the Middle Ages. It was followed by some other reviewers in Europe. The publication comprises numerous design drawings and illustrations of surgical instruments, in use or developed by him, and comprised a part of the medical curriculum in European nations for many centuries. opposing to the view that the Muslims battled timid of surgery, Al-Zahrawi’s Al-Tasrif provided a monumental assemblage for this agency of applied science.

Al-Zahrawi was the inventor of some surgical devices, of which three are prominent: (i) an equipment for internal written test of the ear, (ii) an equipment for internal examination of the urethra, and (iii) and equipment for applying or eliminating foreign bodies from the throat. He focused in curing infection by cauterization and directed the technique to as many as 50 distinct procedures.

In his publication Al-Tasrif, Al-Zahrawi has also considered the groundwork of diverse medicines, in addition to a comprehensive account of surgical remedy in focused branches, whose up to date counter- components are E.N.T., Ophthalmology, etc. In attachment with the preparation of medicines, he has furthermore recounted in detail the submission of such techniques as sublimation and decantation. Al-Zahrawi was furthermore an professional in dentistry, and his publication comprises sketches of various instruments used thereof, in addition to a recount of various significant dental procedures. He considered the problem of non-aligned or deformed teeth and how to fix these defects. He evolved the technique of organising artificial teeth and of replacement of defective teeth by these. In medicine, he was the first to describe in minutia the unusual infection, hemophilia.

There can be no doubt that Al-Zahrawi influenced the field of medicine and surgery very deeply and the values laid down by him were recognized as authentic in health research, particularly surgery, and these continued to leverage the health world for five centuries. According to Dr. Cambell (History of Arab Medicine), his values of medical research surpassed those of Galen in the European health curriculum.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam