ABU AL-NASR AL-FARABI (870-950 C.E.)

Abu Nasr Mohammad Ibn al-Farakh al-Farabi was born in a little town Wasij, beside Farab in Turkistan in 259 A.H. (870 C.E.). His parents were originally of Persian descent, but his ancestors had migrated to Turkistan. renowned as al-Phrarabius in Europe, Farabi was the child of a general. He completed his earlier education at Farab and Bukhara but, subsequent on, he went to Baghdad for higher studies, where he studied and worked for a long time viz., from 901 C.E. to 942 C.E. throughout this time span he acquired mastery over some dialects as well as various parts of information and expertise. He dwelled through the reign of six Abbasid Caliphs. As a philosopher and scientist, he came by large skill in diverse parts of discovering and is reported to have been an professional in distinct dialects.

Farabi traveled to many distant lands and revised for some time in Damascus and Egypt, but repeatedly came back to Baghdad, until he travelled to Saif al-Daula’s court in Halab (Allepo). He became one of the constant companions of the monarch, and it was here at Halab that his fame disperse far and wide. throughout his early years he was a Qadi (Judge), but subsequent on the took up educating as his occupation. throughout the course of his vocation, he had endured large hardships and at one time was the caretaker of a garden. He past away a bachelor in Damascus in 339 A.H./950 C.E. at the age of 80 years.

Farabi contributed substantially to science, beliefs, reasoning, sociology, surgery, numbers and music. His major assistance appear to be in beliefs, reasoning and sociology and, of course, stands out as an Encyclopedist. As a philosopher, he may be classed as a Neoplatonist who tried to synthesize Platonism and Aristotelism with theology and he composed such wealthy commentaries on Aristotle’s physics, meteorology, logic, etc., in addition to a large number of publications on some other topics embodying his initial contribution, that he came to be known as the ‘Second Teacher’ (al-Mou’allim al-Thani) Aristotle being the First. One of the important contribu- tions of Farabi was to make the study of reasoning more very simple by dividing it into two classes viz., Takhayyul (idea) and Thubut (proof).

In sociology he composed several books out of which Ara Ahl al-Madina al-Fadila became well known. His publications on psychology and metaphysics were mostly founded on his own work. He furthermore composed a publication on music, captioned Kitab al-Musiqa. He was a great expert in the art and science of music and created some melodious devices, besides assisting to the information of melodious notes. It has been reported that he could play his equipment so well as to make people joke or weep at will. In physics he illustrated the existence of void.

whereas numerous of his books have been lost, 117 are renowned, out of which 43 are on logic, 11 on metaphysics, 7 on ethics, 7 on political research, 17 on melodies, surgery and sociology, while 11 are commentaries. Some of his more famous publications include the book Fusus al-Hikam, which stayed a text book of beliefs for several centuries at diverse hubs of learning and is still educated at some of the organisations in the East. The book Kitab al-lhsa al ‘Ulum talks about classification and basic principles of science in a exclusive and helpful manner. The publication Ara Ahl al-Madina al- Fadila ‘The form City’ is a important early assistance to sociology and political science.

Farabi workout large leverage on research and information for some centuries. regrettably, the publication Theology of Aristotle, as was available to him at that time was considered by him as genuine, whereas subsequent on it turned out to be the work of some Neoplatonic author. Despite this, he was considered the Second educator in philosophy for centuries and his work, aimed at synthesis of beliefs and Sufism, paved the way for Ibn Sina’s work.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam