ABU AL-HASAN AL-MAWARDI (972-1058 C.E.)

Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi was born at Basrah in 972 C.E. He was educated at-first in Basrah where, after culmination of his rudimentary education, he learned Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) from the jurist Abu al-Wahid al-Simari. He then went to Baghdad for sophisticated studies under Sheikh Abd al-Hamid and Abdallah al-Baqi. His skill in jurisprudence Ethics, Political science and publications verified useful in protecting a reputable career for him. After his primary designation as Qadi (Judge), he was gradually encouraged to higher agencies, till he became the head Justice at Baghdad. The Abbasid Caliph al-Qaim bi Amr Allah nominated him as his roving ambassador and dispatched him to a number of nations as the head of special missions. In this capability he played a key role in setting up agreeable relatives between the declining Abbasid Caliphate and the increasing forces of Buwahids and Seljukes. He was favored with wealthy gifts and tributes by most Sultans of the time. He was still in Baghdad when it was taken over by Buwahids.

Al-Mawardi past away in 1058 C.E.

Al-Mawardi was a great jurist, mohaddith, sociologist and an professional in Political research. He was a jurist in the school of Fiqh and his book Al-Hawi on the values of jurisprudence is held in high repute.

His assistance in political science and sociology comprises a number of monumental publications, the most famous of which are Kitab al-Ahkam al-Sultania, Qanun al-Wazarah, and Kitab Nasihat al-Mulk. The books talk about the principles of political research, with exceptional quotation to the purposes and obligations of the caliphs, the head minister, other ministers, connections between various components of public and government and assesses to reinforce the government and double-check triumph in war. Two of these publications, al-Ahkam al-Sultania and Qanun al-Wazarah have been released and also translated into diverse dialects. He is advised as being the author/supporter of the ‘Doctrine of Necessity’ in political research. He was therefore in favor of a strong caliphate and disappointed unlimited forces delegated to the Governors, which tended to conceive chaos. On the other hand, he has prepared down clear values for election of the caliph and features of the voters, head amidst which are attainment of a degree of thoughtful grade and purity of feature.

In ethics, he composed Kitab Aadab al-Dunya wa al-Din, which became a broadly popular book on the subject and is still read in some Islamic countries.

Al-Mawardi has been advised as one of the most well known thinkers in political research in the middle ages. His initial work leveraged the development of this research, simultaneously with the research of sociology, which was farther developed subsequent on by Ibn Khaldun.

Kratka pojašnjenja : "Islam je sastavljen od pet stvari: šehadeta i svjedočenja da nema drugog boga osim Allaha – la ilahe illalah, i da je Muhammed Allahov Poslanik – Muhammedun Resulullah, od klanjanja namaza, davanja zekata, obavljanja hadždža i posta mjeseca ramazana!". Klanjanje namaza, Namaz - molitva Allahu dž.š. Zekjat - 2.5% od imovine koja se ne koristi (zlato, novac, nekretnine) koju svaki Musliman izdvaja godišnje za pomoć siromašnima. Hadždž - vjerski obred koji vrši onaj ko može najmanje jednom u životu. Post - proces čuvanja tijela od grijeha, vode i hrane tokom mjeseca Ramazana. Ramazan - mjesec u Islamskom kalendaru u kome je početo objavljivanje Kur'an-a. Islamski kalendar se mjeri Mjesečevom-Lunarnom godinom. Hadis- predanje koje se prenosi od poslanika Muhameda s.a.w.s. Buhari, Muslim dva najpoznatija verodostojna sakupljača i objavljivača Hadisa. Za više pročitajte : šta je islam